Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a disorder identified by failure to recover after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event.
It is very common among persons of all ages and in fact, more than 10 million cases per year are identified in India. It can be treated by a medical professional. It is a medium-term problem and can be resolved within months.
The health condition may last months or years, with triggers that can bring back memories of the trauma accompanied by intense emotional and physical reactions.
A medical diagnosis is necessary, but not lab tests.
Symptoms may comprise of nightmares or flashbacks, avoidance of situations that bring back the trauma, heightened reactivity to stimuli, anxiety or depressed mood.
People may likely experience:
Behavioral: Agitation, Hostility, Irritability, Hypervigilance, Social Isolation, or Self-Destructive Behavior.
Mood: Loss of pleasure or interest in activities, Guilt, or Loneliness
Psychological: Flashback, Severe Anxiety, Fear, or Mistrust
Sleep: Nightmares or Insomnia.
Unwanted thoughts or emotional detachment are very much common. Doctor consultation becomes necessary after identifying these symptoms.
Treatment consists of different types of psychotherapies and medications to manage symptoms. An expert guidance becomes absolutely necessary.